Copyright Registration in Turkey

Turkey has a well-established system of copyright laws, governing how creative works are protected and how they can be used.

You may be wondering, is there a centralised copyright agency in Turkey, and if so, what does this agency do? The answer is yes. The Turkish Ministry of Culture and Tourism is the key body responsible for handling copyright-related issues. They promote cultural works, protect artists' rights, and oversee the enforcement of copyright laws.

And is there a system for copyright registration in Turkey? Again, the answer is yes. Copyright registration in Turkey isn't mandatory, but it's beneficial. Registering your work at the General Directorate of Copyright can give you strong evidence of ownership. The application process is straightforward, and the fees are minimal, generally depending on the nature and scope of the work.


Now, let's talk about the formalities. Is there a requirement of copyright notice in Turkey? The simple answer is no, but it can be beneficial. While it's not obligatory to use a copyright notice, its use can deter potential infringers and make legal proceedings smoother. The same goes for copyright deposits - not mandatory but could prove to be advantageous.

The consequences for failing to register a copyrighted work aren't severe since the copyright registration isn't a must. However, in case of a dispute, having your work registered provides solid proof of ownership.


The backbone of copyright protection in Turkey is the Law No. 5846 on Intellectual and Artistic Works. This piece of legislation details the types of works that are subject to copyright protection, the rights of the owners, and the consequences for copyright infringement. The Turkish Ministry of Culture and Tourism, together with the judicial courts, enforce these laws.

Importantly, the law has specific provisions that address the digital exploitation of works, reflecting the increasing importance of online platforms. Moreover, Turkish copyright laws do have extraterritorial application, allowing legal actions against foreign-owned or foreign-operated websites that infringe Turkish copyrights.


In Turkey, the creator of the work is the first owner of a copyrighted work. However, there are some exceptions to this rule. For instance, an employer may own a copyrighted work made by an employee if the work is created as part of their employment contract.

Similarly, a hiring party could own a copyrighted work made by an independent contractor if it's part of their agreement. Furthermore, a copyrighted work can be co-owned when multiple individuals contribute to its creation. Transfer and licensing of rights are also possible under Turkish copyright law, provided that they are properly documented.

International Aspects

Turkey, being a member of international copyright conventions such as the Berne Convention and the World Intellectual Property Organization, is obligated to provide protection to foreign works. These international commitments also mean that Turkey should uphold standards in its domestic legislation and enforcement to align with international norms.

In recent years, Turkey has made significant strides in strengthening its copyright protection framework, particularly with the rapid rise of digital platforms. New regulations have been introduced to combat digital piracy and protect creators' rights online. However, challenges persist, and the country continues to fine-tune its laws to adapt to evolving trends.

It is evident that the world of copyright in Turkey is dynamic, with constant developments as it seeks to balance the rights of creators with the demands of consumers in the digital age.